(information from Britannica and CIA Fact )
Burkina Faso,(previously known as Upper Volta) is a former French colony. They gained independence in 1960 and changed the name to Burkina Faso (Land of Incorruptible People) in 1984.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa that is about the size of Colorado. It is surrounded by Mali,Niger,Benin,Togo,Ghana and Cote d'lvoire.
It sits on a plateau that gradually inclines toward the south. In the northern region you find a semi arid region consisting of flat grassy savannah with the characteristic stunted shrubbery and trees. The savannah is cut by three rivers - the Black,Red and White Voltas. As you move further south,the climate becomes more tropical with scattered forest that are densest along riverbanks.
You can find buffalo,hippos,lions,antelope,monkeys,elephants and crocodiles in Burkina Faso.
Desertification is a problem with deforestation,over grazing and the resultant soil degradation. 20% of the land is forested
43% of the land is used for agriculture - half in pasture and half in crops.Much of the soil in the country is infertile.
80% of the population is engaged in subsistence farming with cotton as the main export crop or in raising livestock - a big export item to neighboring states. (their other chief export is gold). The country's financial health is dependent upon seasonal rains and global rates for gold.
Burkina is 60% Muslim and 25% Catholic.Almost half the population is below the age of 14 with an even distribution of the population across the rest of the age spectrum. Family size is about 5 children. Life expectancy is 55 years old.
Literacy rate is at about 36% with school years ending usually after 8 years of schooling.
Burkina Faso has had a huge growth in population with few resources to bring in income which has prevented the country from advancing it's population.
Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world. They rely heavily on international aid and the money that is sent back from citizens who work in the neighboring states. A good portion of their trade is within the nearby states because they are landlocked and have few options of economically feasible transport outside of the region. Because of these facts,any unrest in neighboring states severely affects the economy of Burkina Faso.
Burkina Faso’s substantial manganese deposits at Tambao in the northeast potentially represent its most important resource and one of the world’s richest sources of this mineral. Exploitation is limited by existing transport inadequacies.
About three-fourths of the people are rural and live in villages, which tend to be grouped toward the centre of the country at higher elevations away from the Volta river valleys. For several miles on either side of the Volta rivers, the land is mostly uninhabited because of the prevalence of the deadly tsetse fly, which carriessleeping sickness, and the Simulium fly, which carries onchocerciasis, or river blindness. (from Britannica)
Ouagadougou, the administrative capital and the seat of government, is a modern city where several companies have their headquarters. It is also the residence of the morho naba (“great lord”) of the Mossi and an important regional centre for international aid programs.(Britannica)
Burkina Faso is a source state for forced labour and sex trafficking. There is an issue with children being forced to work in various work capacities,forced begging and the sex trade.