From March 12th
Libya's U.N.-backed Presidential Council called on Saturday on the country's institutions to begin a transfer of authority to a unity government, and appealed to the international community to stop dealing with any rival powers.
The Presidential Council is tasked with guiding through a transition to end the political chaos and armed conflict that has plagued Libya since the fall of leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
Its statement suggests it will seek to take power despite continuing opposition from hardliners in both of Libya's competing parliaments - the eastern House of Representatives (HOR) and the rival General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli.
The Tunis-based Presidential Council nominated a unity government last month, but recognition of the proposed cabinet has been held up by the failure of the HOR to vote to approve it.
It is also unclear when a unity government could move to Tripoli, where the security situation is still volatile and some armed factions may try to prevent it from operating.
However, the council said in a statement on Saturday that a document signed by a majority of HOR members backing the new government, as well as the endorsement by other political figures, represented a "green light to start work".
The council's statement called on "all Libyan sovereign and public institutions and the heads of financial bodies to start communicating immediately with the Government of National Accord so as to hand over power in a peaceful and orderly manner".
"The Presidential Council also calls on the international community and international and regional organisations ... to stop dealing with any executive power that does not follow the Government of National Accord," it said.
The deal to create the unity government was signed with limited Libyan support in Morocco in December.
Efforts to move the transition forward have been hampered by arguments over the structure of the new government, the balance of power between Libya's different regions, and the future leadership of the armed forces.
The Presidential Council has itself been divided, with two of its nine members suspending their participation and twice refusing to put their names to proposed lists of ministers.
After the latest failure of the HOR to vote on the unity government last week, U.N. Libya envoy Martin Kobler reconvened the group that signed the December deal.
On Thursday, they urged the Presidential Council "to take all necessary measures to rapidly start working from the capital, Tripoli", though they also appeared to call on the HOR to take further steps to endorse the unity government.
Under the plan, the Presidential Council would form the highest state body. The HOR would be the main legislature, with a second chamber formed from the GNC.
Which would set up a multi-member presidential council to govern the country. The council would consist of a prime minister, five deputy premiers and three senior ministers. The power-sharing agreement would provide more representation to tribal and regional political actors across the country. The U.N. talk participants took into account Libya's complex and extremely fragmented political environment, and their agreement appropriately gives voice to a variety of regional and tribal interests across the country.
And then within days:
The European Union has agreed sanctions on three Libyan leaders who oppose a Western-backed unity government, clearing the way for travel bans and asset freezes to be imposed in the next few days, diplomats said
The three men are Nouri Abusahmain, president of Libya's General National Congress in Tripoli, one of two rival parliaments,(the interim gov't dominated by Islamists that refused to step down after elections in 2014) Khalifa al-Ghwell, prime minister of the Tripoli government(same group), and Aguila Saleh, the president of Libya's internationally recognised parliament in Tobruk(this is the one that was elected in 2014).
Ghwell repeated his opposition to transfer powers to the unity government.
French and Italian officials have been saying for more than a year that the political chaos and security vacuum in Libya is allowing Islamists to gain ground, spreading out from Tunisia.
"We have four centres of power in practice(the interim one that refused to step down/ the one that was elected in 2014,the Unity Gov't that has just been formed from both groups & ISIS) and it turns out that the most effective one is the one created by Islamic State, which is developing its structures there," Poland's Foreign Minister Witold Waszczykowski said following the meeting.
EU foreign ministers in January promised 100 million euros ($108 million) of immediate support for Libya once a government is formed.