the Yalta conference expelled Poles from the western region of Belarus.
In the decades of Soviet rule,Belarus was under intense Russification.
70% of the fall out from the Chernobyl landed on Belarus. (cancer and other illness have multiplied as a result). There was a surge in nationalism in Belarus. Belarus exiles in Lithuania organized the Belarusian People's Front and fanned those sentiments.Nationalistic feelings against Russia intensified when mass graves were found from Stalin's purges of the 30s. This was said to be "proof that the Soviet government was trying to erase the Belarusian people".
Belarus again declared its independence when the Soviet Union collapsed.
The leader for that independence movement,Stanislav Shushkevich, was chosen as the first leader of the country(chairman). It is said he was kicked out by parliament because of his reform efforts toward market economics.
the first elections for presidency were held. Alyaksandr Lukashenka had been an unknown,but won the first presidential election of the new independent republic and has remained the president since(in 1999,Lukashenka was suppose to step down but he rigged a national referendum that canceled elections and kept him in power. And he has won every "election" since.)
With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, some two million Belarussians were among the various nationality groups who found themselves living outside their autonomous regions or native republics. Most of the Belarussians who have returned to Belarus fled other former Soviet republics because of fighting or ethnic tensions. From 1989 to 1995, 3,000 Belarussians returned from Azerbaijan and 3,000 Belarussians returned from Kyrgyzstan. From 1991 to 1995, 16,000 Belarussians returned from Kazakhstan and 10,000 Belarussians returned from Tajikistan. In 1999 Belarus had 131,200 internally displaced persons from the ecological effects of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, and 160,000 "returnees" (ethnic Belarussians who had returned to Belarus from other former republics)
A defining characteristics of migration between former Soviet republics is its irregular or transient quality and the existence of "shuttle" migrants. - from encyclopedia
In the Soviet post-war years, Belarus became one of the most prosperous parts of the USSR, but with independence came economic decline. President Lukashenko has steadfastly opposed the privatisation of state enterprises, and the country is heavily dependent on Russia for its energy supplies.- bbc
Russia and Belarius signed a pact(Union of Belarus and the Russian Federation) that moved the two countries back to just a hair line short of union.
That same year a referendum was held that expanded the President's powers.
On 28 November 1996, Lukashenko signed into law a new constitution containing provisions that gave him almost total control of all branches of governmen. Lukashenko suspended the registration of new enterprises, stopped privatization, and spurned World Bank assistance. Under the new constitution, the president has the right to hire and fire the heads of the Constitutional Court and the Central Bank, and he also has the right to dissolve parliament and veto its decisions.- encyclopedia
There were huge demonstrations and protests by not only the public,but by members of the Constitutional Court and members of parliament - but Lukashenko simply squashed all dissent.
there was a boycott of local elections in protest which led to a new crackdown on dissent with the opposition leader forced into exile. Other prominent dissidents went missing.
Russia and Belarus signed the Union State Foundation Treaty in 1999 to create a politically integrated confederation with a common currency.
Signed treaty creating Eurasian Economic Community (along with Kazakhstan,Kryrgyzstan,Tajikistan and Russia)
national elections has a turn out so low in 13 constituencies that they had to have a repeat of the voting.
In June 2002, Russian president Vladimir Putin refused to follow the path to integration that Belarus had proposed for the two nations, saying it would lead to the recreation of "something along the lines of the Soviet Union." While Lukashenko pledged not to relinquish Belarus's sovereignty in the union with Russia, Putin put forth a proposal for the "ultimate unification" of both countries. Putin envisioned a federation based on the Russian constitution, with the Russian ruble as the state's sole currency and the election of a president in 2004. A constitution for the union was approved in March 2003. In April 2003, the speaker of the Russian Duma indicated Armenia, Ukraine, and Moldova might be probable candidates for joining the Belarus-Russian union. Although Lukashenko's relations with Moscow continued to improve (Russia endorsed the 2001 elections and the 2004 referendum), as of 2006, little progress had been made in solving some of the problems related to the organization and structure of the Belarus-Russian union. - enclyclopedia
the US described Belarus as Europe's only remaining "outpost of tyranny"
After the 2006 national and 2008 parliament fraudulent elections,protestors took to the streets,with the number of protestors increasing in 2008.
When Russia doubled the price of gas for Belarus in Dec.2006,Belarus turned around and imposed a tax on Russian gas that passed through its territory to Europe. Russia then shut off its oil pipeline that ran through Belarus. In the end,Russia agreed to cut the oil duty.
Customs Union formed with Kazakhstan and Russia
After the presidential elections,which again saw Lukashenko win by an overwhelming majority,there were violent confrontations in the capital between security and thousands of opposition demonstrators.
Russia agreed to bail out Belarus with a huge loan,but in exchange,Belarus had to sell its state run factories to Russian companies. Then Russia gave Belarus discount rates for its gas and more loans and in exchange,Belarus gave Gazprom full control of Belarus' natural gas pipeline which runs to Europe.
after Russia's actions in Crimea and Ukraine,Lukashenka seems to have embraced a revival of the Belarusian identity.
For the first time, he delivered a speech in Belarusian (rather than Russian, which most people use), in which he said, “We are not Russian — we are Belarusians,” and later encouraged the use of Belarusian. Trade disputes, a border dispute, and a much relaxed official attitude to dissident voices are all part of a weakening of the longtime warm relationship with Russia - wiki
The Eurasian Economic Union signed by Russia,Belarus and Kazakhstan